Malaysia ماليزيا

Malaysia ماليزيا

Things to do - general




About Malaysia

Malaysia is a beautiful and diverse country with many highlights. The many different regions, each with their own characteristic features, make this country the perfect destination for tourists. However, Malaysia does not entirely depend on tourism. This country’s economy has been going strong for years. On the contrary to what some people (still) believe, Malaysia is not a third world country. The country has developed itself enormously in the past 50 years and this is clearly noticeable when visiting it. Especially in Malaysia’s capital, Kuala Lumpur, you will see many modern buildings, a modern light rail transit system, many luxurious shopping malls and countless expensive cars on the roads. Life outside of the capital is often less developed; but even there the times of people only being able to afford a motorcycle are long gone.

The last few years Malaysia has become ever more popular for tourists. This is partly due to positive PR (by the government and by websites like this one), but also because flying to the other side of the world is becoming more and more affordable. Malaysia is a perfect country to visit for all types of tourists. It is a great destination for backpackers, for groups, couples and families with children. Every now and then new attractions are discovered in Malaysia; existing attractions are upgraded or renovated regularly. Accommodation in Malaysia is often very affordable compared to neighboring countries; though prices have risen the last few years it is still reasonably cheap.

Malaysia is a tropical holiday destination, where temperatures fluctuate between 25 and 35 degrees during the year. It is usually very hot and humid, especially in the major cities. Often due to haze warm air is trapped inside the cities, which results in very warm temperatures. It is less hot on the many islands surrounding Malaysia, mainly due to the cool breezes. It is also less hot in the ‘highlands’ of Malaysia; here you can enjoy cooler temperatures that never exceed 25 degrees.

Below a list with facts and other details about Malaysia.

  • The Federation of Malaysia comprises the Peninsular Malaysia and the states of Sabah and Sarawak on Borneo.
  • Malaysia is located between 2º and 7º north of the Equator; Peninsular Malaysia is separated from the states of Sabah and Sarawak by the South China Sea. To the north of Peninsular Malaysia is Thailand while its southern neighbor is Singapore. Sabah and Sarawak are north of Indonesia in Borneo while Sarawak also shares a border with Brunei.
  • Malaysia is 330.803 sq km in size.
  • The current population (2017) of Malaysia is roughly 31,164
  • Kuala Lumpur is the capital city of Malaysia.
  • Malays who make up about 50.4% of the population are the predominant group with Chinese (23.7%), Indians (7.1%) and other ethnic groups making up the rest.
  • Bahasa Melayu (Malay) is the national language but English is widely spoken, especially by the youth. The ethnic groups also speak various languages and dialects.
  • Islam is the official religion but all other religions are freely practiced.
  • Malaysia is governed by a parliamentary democracy with a bicameral legislative system. The Head of State is the King (Muhammad V of Kelantan) since 2016, a position that is awarded to a different State Monarch every five years and the Head of Government is the Prime Minister.
  • Malaysia has a tropical climate with warm and humid weather all year round. Temperatures in the lowlands range from 21ºC (70ºF) to 32ºC (90ºF). The highlands are cooler, where temperatures range between 15°C (59° F) to 25°C (77°F).
  • Major public holidays in Malaysia are: New Year’s Day, Federal Territory Day, Chinese New Year, Labour Day, King’s Birthday, National Day, Deepavali, Hari Raya Aidilfitri, and Christmas.
  • Manufacturing constitutes the largest single component of Malaysia’s economy. Tourism and primary commodities such as petroleum, palm oil, natural rubber and timber are other major contributors to the economy.
  • The unit of currency is Malaysian Ringgit indicated as RM. Foreign currency can be converted at banks and money changers. ATM’s can be found throughout the whole country.
  • Time difference: +8 GMT (+16 Pacific Standard Time).
  • Voltage is 220 – 240 volts AC at 50 cycles per second. Standard 3-pin square plugs and sockets (UK plugs, US and other Europeans should bring along an adaptor).
  • Malaysia has a worldwide supported GSM network, which means you can use your phone without any problems. US citizens should bring along a tri-band phone in order for it to work in Malaysia. When calling within Malaysia, you’d best buy a prepaid card. When calling outside of Malaysia, use a prepaid SIM or Scratch card.
     
    Average Climate in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
     
    JAN
    FEB
    MRC
    APR
    MAY
    JUN
    JULY
    AUG
    SEP
    OCT
    NOV
    DEC
    Temp.
    MAX
    32
    33
    33
    33
    33
    33
    32
    32
    32
    32
    32
    32
    MIN
    22
    22
    23
    23
    23
    22
    23
    23
    23
    23
    23
    23
    Sun
    HRS
    6
    8
    7
    6
    6
    7
    7
    6
    6
    5
    5
    5
    Rain
    MM
    158
    201
    259
    292
    223
    130
    100
    163
    218
    250
    258
    190

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




Country Malaysia
Visa Requirements

As with other countries, an International Passport or valid travel documents recognized by the Malaysian Government and internationally, is required for any foreign nationals entering Malaysia. The passport must have enough pages for the embarkation stamp upon arrival and be valid for at least 6 months at the date of entry.

A visa is not necessary for travelers coming from certain countries. For those who require visa, three types of visas can be obtained, whichever is applicable: single entry, multiple entry or transit visa. Visas have to be applied for in advance but the final decision for allowance of entry is at the discretion of the Immigration Officer at the entry point.

Languages SpokenBahasa Melayu (Malay)/Malaysian
Currency UsedMR - Malaysian Ringgit
Area (Km2)330.803

Nature & Wildlife

FLORA AND FAUNA IN MALAYSIA

The tropical circumstances and the extensive rainforests have led to a huge diversity of plant and animal species. Surveys identified that there are 8,000 species of flowering plants which inclusive of 2,000 tree species, 800 types of orchid and 200 types of palm besides being home to more than 200 species of mammals, 600 different bird varieties, 140 species of snakes, 80 types of lizard, 300 species of fresh water fishes and thousands of insects making their home in the rainforest. A well-known plant only found in Southeast Asia is the Rafflesia. To be specific; it occurs only in the rainforests of Sumatra and Borneo. This is the plant with the largest flower in the world, and can reach a weight of 10 kg. This plant is the symbol of the province Sabah on the island Borneo, although it has a strong odor of decaying flesh.

Nightlife INFO.

Kuala Lumpur is a vibrant and lively nocturnal hub of countless bars, pubs and clubs on the streets, as well as swanky rooftop establishments situated within five-star hotels. From Bangsar's cocktail bars to Changkat Bukit Bintang's chic see-and-be-seen nightclubs spinning hip-hop and house tracks, it's safe to say that there's no shortage of exciting places to go at night in Kuala Lumpur.

KL nightlife is packed with a diverse range of party goers - from local youths and expats to international travellers. By 22:00, the nightlife scene in Kuala Lumpur comes alive, with nightspots offering a winning combination of lively and friendly ambience, extensive alcoholic offerings, and talented DJs spinning dance-worthy tunes until the wee hours of morning.

Culture & History INFO.

FOOD AND FAMOUS DISHES IN MALAYSIA

Eating out is very common in Malaysia. The biggest part of the population seldom cooks at home. The main reason is that eating out is generally cheaper than buying ingredients at the supermarket and cooking your own dishes. Another reason is that eating outside is part of the Malaysian (and other Asian) culture, there is no better place to get in touch with friends and relatives than during a delicious meal. Most dishes in Malaysia are either based on rice or mee. Malay dishes often contains beef, chicken, mutton or fish; but never pork as Malay food needs to be halal. Chinese dishes often contain pork. Indian dishes are often vegetarian; and they never contain beef (though Indians do eat chicken, mutton and fish). Most dishes will be served with some vegetables; either mixed through the dish or served as a side dish.

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